Voters in America will decide on the 3rd of November whether or not Donald Trump remains in the White House for another four years.The Republican president is being challenged by Democratic Party nominee Joe Biden, who is best known as Barack Obama’s vice-president but has been in US politics since the 1970s. As election day approaches, polling companies will be trying to gauge the mood of the nation by asking voters which candidate they prefer. The real question right now is who is leading in the national polls. Biden is, but not by a significant amount.
In the electoral college system that the US uses to elect its president, each state is given a number of votes based on how many members it sends to Congress for both the House and the Senate. A total of 538 electoral college votes are up for grabs, so a candidate needs to hit 270 to win. The winner of the electoral college vote does not necessarily coincide with the popular vote; in 2016, Hilary Clinton won the popular vote, but Donald Trump won the electoral college vote, causing her to lose. The same can happen this year, so nothing is concrete. So-called “battleground states” are immensely important in the national debate, and it’s the battleground states where Mr Trump won big in 2016 that his campaign team will be most worried about. His winning margin in Iowa, Ohio and Texas was between 8-10% back then, but it’s looking much closer than that in all three at the moment.
Recently, to prepare for Election day the candidates go head to head in live debate. The first, on 29 September, was a chaotic affair, with Mr Trump’s combative approach stamping out any chance of a real debate.Polls taken straight after that suggested it was a good night for Mr Biden. In a CBS News/YouGov poll of people in battleground states who watched the debate, 48% said Mr Biden was the winner while 41% went for Mr Trump – a similar split to the national polling averages. Nearly 70% of people said the debate made them feel “annoyed”. A snap CNN poll gave Mr. Biden a larger winning margin, with 60% of people saying he had won, compared to 28% for Mr Trump. The other debates had similar polling results.
Many people are worried as to if the candidates are fighting fairly or not, but that is to be determined in the coming days and weeks.